Not to long ago we took a look at the difference between .22LR vs 5.56 (.223) and we figured we would continue that journey. Next up we are taking a look at 5.56 (.223) vs 300 blackout.
We are going to analyze a few things with these two rounds and talk about everything from why they are comparable down to which one is the best.
The end might surprise you so hangin there!
Table of contents
- History of 300 Blackout
- .300 AAC Blackout
- 5.56mm NATO
- Performance and Design
- Supersonic and Subsonic Ammunition
- What’s the best round 5.56 or 300 blackout?
History of 300 Blackout
The premise of the 300 blackout round was to find a round that would be better in a sub gun, namely the H&K MP5SD, which is a 9mm sub-machine gun.
Since the MP5SD was 9mm the end users, typically Special Forces, needed the 300 blackout needed to have more power, similar sound suppression, and be AR15/M4 compatible. Which, if you can’t tell, is a tall order!
The entire premise of the 300 blackout round was to provide around with better ballistics from a short-barreled rifle. ACC wanted to achieve perfection and beat the 5.56m NATO round and achieve better suppressed sound levels and be based of of the AR15 platform.
.300 AAC Blackout
The answer that AAC came up with was .300 AAC Blackout. The .300 AAC Blackout is 7.62 x 35mm rifle cartridge and addressed the issues that are long associated with the 5.56mm round.
At the time AAC even came up with a concept platform for the 300 Blackout round, the Honey Badger. The Honey Badger didn’t come to life until much later when Q, LLC actually created the Honey Badger and Honey Badger SD.
The 5.56mm NATO is the most popular round for the AR15 and has been used for decades now. The 5.56mm round dates back to the 1950s, and these bullets came as a replacement to the 7.62mm rounds, which were heavy and had stability issues.
The 5.56mm bullets were small and high velocity and provided good thermal ballistics, so much so that it became the standard bullet that is still used by much of NATO forces.
Performance and Design
To compare the performance of bullets, we will compare both bullets in all sections that are mentioned below:
- Availability & Cost
5.56 vs 300 Blackout Case Comparison
The casing for both the 5.56mm NATO and .300 AAC Blackout are almost identical. Both bullets have rimless and bottleneck case types, and both are used in rifles and AR pistols. Both use versions of the .223 Remington casing. The .300 Blackout is a necked down version of .223/5.56mm.
|Specification||5.56mm||.300 AAC Blackout|
|Bullet Diameter||5.70 mm||7.8 mm|
|Neck Diameter||6.43 mm||8.5 mm|
|Base Diameter||9.58 mm||9.6 mm|
|Case Length||44.70 mm||34.7 mm|
|Overall Length||57.0mm||57.0 mm|
From the above table, we can see that both cases are the same overall length.
5.56 vs 300 Blackout Weight
There are different grain weights available for both the 5.56mm and the .300 AAC Blackout bullet. Some of the most common grain weights for 5.56mm NATO bullets are:
- 55 grain
- 62 grain
- 63 grain
If you look at a .300 BLK bullet you’ll notice the sizable different the bullets have. So obviously the grain weigh for the .300 blkout will be more than the 5.56mm. Some common grain weight you’ll see for 300 blackout are:
- 78 grain
- 110 grain
- 125 grain
5.56 vs 300 Blackout Power and Range
Both 5.56 and 300 blackout have been extensively tested. What testing has found is that 5.56mm at 500 yards had a high-velocity thanks to the lower weight of the 5.56mm NATO, it can cover more yards and keep velocity better than its heavier counterpart.
In testing fired from a 16″ barrel, it was shown that 300 blackout had nearly double the ft-lbs on the impact that a 5.56 round had 200 yards and 300 yards. The bullet drop becomes much more substantial at range with the .300 blackout round.
On the other hand, where .300 blackout really shines is out of a short barrel. Testing at 9″ barrel with .300 blkout 125 gr round had 993 ft-lbs at 100 yards. The 5.56mm 55 gr round had 191 ft-lbs at the same yardage. There is a 1,000 feet per second discrepancy in the two rounds but that’s expected with such a large grain weight difference.
Here’s a small table that compares the ballistic performance of 5.56mm NATO and .300 AAC Blackout in a standard 16″ barrel.
|Bullet Type||Grams||Feet Per Second (FPS)||Foot Pounds (Ft-Lbs)|
|5.56mm NATO M1933||55 gr||3083||1161|
|.300 AAC BLK||110 gr||2393||1403|
Due to the 300 BLK bullet’s larger grain and increased powder, this round’s perceived felt recoil is stronger than the standard 5.56mm bullet. Being that the 5.56 round has very little recoil increasing that recoil only slightly to get the performance the .300 blackout offers is almost not worth mentioning, but to be thorough it had to be mentioned.
Availability & Cost
The 5.56mm is a widely used round, but in today’s market, common rounds are even uncommon. Many ammunition manufacturing companies are doubling down on all rounds, especially 5.56. The 5.56/.223 are cheaper rounds than .300 blackout, even though before 2020 the .300 blackout cost per round were beginning to drop to reasonable levels (.50-.80¢ per round).
During “normal times” 5.56/223 rounds lived in the range of .25¢ – $1 per round depending on the grain you buy. Seemingly low cost compared to the BLK .300 bullet that cost between .80¢ – $3 per round as of this writing, if you can find them.
Usage of the bullets
The 5.56 round is mainly known for its use in military and police applications. In the last decade, the round has been heavily adopted by gun lovers and sportsmen alike. Many people see the round as a great defense round and use them in their home defense rifles. The 5.56/.223 round will probably be the mainstay for the AR-15 platform for a number of years to come even though the .300 blackout is starting to give it a run for its money.
Special Operations and specialized military units have been testing and using .300 blackout for the better part of the Global War on Terror. The round serves a very specific purpose and is becoming more and more popular in the shooting community as a whole. Given the increased cost of the round, it hasn’t yet replaced the 5.56 as the target/plinking round of choice but many prefer it in self defense use cases.
It’s worth nothing that many people have started to use the 300 blackout round in hunting applications as well, including bolt rifles due to its ability to suppress and impressive ballistics.
So as a good friend of mine suggested, building an idential 5.56 rifle and 300 blackout rifle for trainging/target rifle and the latter for defense would be rather genusis and save a substutial amount of coin – long term.
5.56 vs 300 Blackout Terminal Ballistics
To further dive into 5.56 vs 300 blackout, we have to look at terminal ballistics. Put simple terminal ballistics is the behavior and effects of the projectile when it transfers its energy to the target. The factors such as penetration, fragmentation, and density are all including in the study of terminal ballistics.
Power (ft-lbs) isn’t everything when it comes to terminal ballistics range, impact, and bullet drop are all important factors. Even though the diameter of the 5.56mm bullet is smaller, the speed and fragmentation that it shows at the moment of impact makes it a favorable candidate for leathal purposes. In some cases, the 5.56mm bullet can pierce through armor, but that needs some extra amplification.
The .300 BLK, on the other hand, is a larger diameter round that is often slower but hits with more ft-lbs on target. The 300 blackout is also a much better round when it comes to suppressing. Let’s talk about super and subsonic ammo.
Supersonic and Subsonic Ammunition
To better understand the purpose of subsonic and supersonic ammo, we have to understand what subsonic and supersonic mean when it comes to bullets. Supersonic is anything capable of achieving a rate greater than that of sound. This means it’s piercing the sound barrier. On the contrary, if speed is less than that of sound, then it is subsonic. The speed of sound is 1,125 feet per second, so now that you have a basic understanding of supersonic and subsonic lets talk about 300 blackout and .223 some more.
The 300 blackout round was developed with the intention of suppressing it. So the fact that .300 blackout has tons of subsonic options makes complete sense. At the ear shooting suppressed supersonic 300 blackout is nearly the same as 5.56mm. But with a subsonic round the difference is night and day.
Shooting subsonic .223, while they exist, doesn’t really make sense ballistically. It basically takes your .223/5.56 round and nerfs it down to a .22LR. After all, we covered the major difference between .22LR and .223 before and the major difference was powder.
Personally, I wouldn’t shoot subsonic ammo without some type of supressor no matter what gun I’m shooting. The increased cost of subsonic rounds don’t make sense without a silencer. The best grain for subsonic speed is often disputed but generally the higer the grain weight the more likely the round is to be subsonic.
What’s the best round 5.56 or 300 blackout?
The best round depends on your usage as we have discussed cost is a major factor. If you are buying the gun for home defense and security, then either caliber is a good choice to keep your family safe. Shorter barrels are generally better for close quarters so if that’s your plan give 300 blackout a hard look. If you plan to suppress and you want to be the quietest you can be, 300 blackout is your go to. But if you want cost effective range fun that allows you to train more than once or twice a year, you might want to stick with 5.56/223.
In this article, we discussed the two most popular rounds for AR15 platform of rifles. We saw how both bullets are similar but also very different in application. We highlighted their respective usage and what’s the best-case scenario that they can be used in. In our opinion, choosing the round comes down to personal choice and application. Only you can decide what your application is and what best works for you.